Formal vs. informal education | Educatia formala / informala
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Formal vs. informal education

Educatia formala/ informala


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Majoritatea acestor articole sunt preluate din sectiunea de gramatica engleza. Speram ca articolele sa fie pe intelesul dumneavoastra.


There are, no doubt, distinctions between formal and informal education. Formal education is classroom-based, provided by trained teachers.  The goal of this type of education is to inform the pupils throughout new knowledge, to become familiar with educational techniques which empower them with a certain educational independence.


Exista, fara indoiala, distinctii intre educatia formala si informala. Educatia formala e cea in clasa, realizata de profesori instruiti. Scopul acesteia e de a informa elevii dobandind astfel noi cunostinte, devenind familiarizati cu noi tehnici educationale care le asigura o anumita independenta.


Informal education happens outside the classroom, in after-school programs, community-based organizations, museums, libraries, or at home. It is less formal but with the same formative result.  The educational actions placed within this type of education are flexible and welcome different interests, for each person.


Educatia informala e cea din afara clasei, din programele de dupa scoala, din organizatiile comunitatilor, muzee, librarii si chiar de acasa. E mai putin formala dar are acelasi rezultat formative. Actiunile educationale sunt flexibile si privesc interese diferite, pentru fiecare persoana in parte.


Schools are one of the most important agents of socialization. Peer groups and teachers have a major impact upon the socialization of schoolchildren. In the case of the former, such groups exert “peer pressure” which influence students to conform to various norms and values.  Teachers need to meet educational standards and stick to a specified curriculum. After-school programs, on the other hand, can be more flexible with their content.


Scolile constituie unii dintre cei mai important agenti de socializare. Grupurile de elevi si profesorii au un impact major asupra socializarii elevilor. Grupurile de elevi de o seama exerciteza o anumita presiune care influenteaza elevii sa se conformeze anumitor norme si valori. Profesorii trebuie sa respecte anumite standarde educationale si un curriculum. Programele de dupa scoala, insa, poti fi mai flexibile in continut.



While formal education tends to take place in schools, informal education is not at all tied up with the physical setting. What is important is building a propitious atmosphere for teaching. Real learning can happen in a setting where kids feel less intimidated or more comfortable than they do in a formal classroom.


In timp ce educatia formala are loc in scoli, cea informala nu e legata deloc de locatie fizica. E important sa exista o atmosfera propice invatarii. Invatarea poate avea loc intr-o locatie in care elevii sa se simta mai putin intimidate sau mai comfortabil decat intr-o clasa formala.


Either way the accent is on intelligence, curiosity, passion, character, motivation, taste, intuition, writing skills, and the ability to make smart value judgments.


In orice caz, accentual e plasat pe inteligenta, curiozitate, pasiune, caracter, motivatie, gust, intuitie si abilitatea de a face judecati de valoare.





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